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Worship, Reading, Prayer & Meditation
As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be...
Who, though he was in
the form of God,
The Arian Catholic Church encourages private prayer, The Book of Matthew 6:5..6 teaches us:
6:5 “Whenever you pray, do not be like the hypocrites, because they love to pray while standing in synagogues and on street corners so that people can see them. Truly I say to you, they have their reward. 6:6 But whenever you pray, go into your room, close the door, and pray to your Father in secret. And your Father, who sees in secret, will reward you.”
Worship is normally conducted either in a church or at home or otherwise privately. We do not advocate public open-air worship, unless this is for the consecration of ground, at a memorial or there is nowhere else to go, in which case privacy must still be maintained so that the service of worship and prayer does not become a public spectacle.
I Corinthians 8:5-6 is cited as proof text by Arians:
8:5 For although there be that are called gods, either in heaven or on earth (for there be gods many and lords many): 8:6 Yet to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we unto him: and one Lord Iesous Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.
A popular biblical text called upon by Saint Arius is in the Book of Proverbs 8: 22 .. 31:
before his works of old.23 created me as the beginning of his way,From eternity I was appointed,
from the beginning, from before the world existed.
24 When there were no deep oceans I was given birth,
when there were no springs abounding with water;
25 before the mountains were settled,
before the hills, I was brought forth,
26 before he made the earth and its fields,
or the beginning of the dust of the world.
27 When he established the heavens, I was there;
when he marked out the horizon over the face of the deep,
28 when he established the clouds above,
when the fountains of the deep grew strong,
29 when he gave the sea his decree
that the waters should not pass over his command, when he marked out the foundations of the earth,
30 then I was beside him as a master craftsman,
and I was his delight day by day,31 rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth,
rejoicing before him at all times,
and delighting in the human beings.
The Seven Biblical Feasts (appointed by Yahweh)
Three times a year all your men must appear before the LORD your God at the place he will choose: at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the Feast of Weeks and the Feast of Tabernacles ... No man should appear before the LORD empty handed. (Deuteronomy 16:16)
There are seven sacred feasts commanded by God (Yahweh) to be celebrated each year, and specifically outlined in Leviticus
chapter 23, which describes the whole annual cycle of special convocations.
Yahweh designed these appointed times, the mo’adim, for His people to come together to worship Him.
“His people” includes anyone who chooses to follow Yeshua the Messiah (Yeshua HaMashiach) and the Angel (Messenger) of Great Counsel.
The Feast days hold a wealth of lessons and they unlock important truth. They also are keys to prophetic events as they explain the plan and purpose of the
Messiah’s coming and his role as our King. It is for all people everywhere to be obedient to what Yahweh established for the good of His people. His Feasts were just as much a part of His law as the Ten Commandments.
The first three feasts are in the Spring (April or May). The first three major events for believers in Yeshua the Messiah: His Passion and Death, Burial and Spiritual Resurrection, fell precisely on the first three feasts, and the symbolism of the feasts is beyond coincidence:
Passover (Pesach), Yeshua was our Passover Lamb - 14th day (between evenings) of Nisan - 15th night of Nisan.
The feast of Passover speaks of redemption; Christ the Passover Lamb was slain at Calvary for the sins of the world. While Passover was being celebrated, which included the slaying of an unblemished Lamb, Yeshua was being slain on the cross (1 Corinthians 5:7). On the fourteenth day of the first month (Nisan) in the afternoon, the Seder (a special meal) is prepared. In the evening, it is eaten: lamb, bitter herbs and unleavened bread (matzoth). (Exodus 12:8) Since the destruction of the temple in 70 AD, the lamb has been left out in Orthodox Judaism, however Yeshua was our sacrificial lamb and therefore his passion and crucifixion removed the need to sacrifice. We therefore represent the body and blood of Yeshua’s sacrifice with the bread/unleavened bread and Fruit of the Vine at the Seder meal as Yeshua himself taught us.
Exodus 12:3 - 13:10, Leviticus 23:5, Numbers 28:16-25, Joshua 3:5-7 & 5:2 - 6:1 & 27, Matthew 26:2 & 17-20 and I Corinthians 5:7.
Liberation from the slavery in Egypt, and slavery from sin and Satan. (Exodus 12)
The blood of the lamb protects against the destroyer, the Angel of Death. “He will see the blood on the top and sides of the door frame and will pass over that doorway, and he will not permit the destroyer to enter your houses and strike you down.” (Exodus 12:23)
A flawless male lamb, one year old. (Exodus 12:5)
A male lamb (sheep or goat), one year old: Not a helpless little lamb!
No bone of the lamb may be broken. (Exodus 12:46)
Liberation from the slavery of Satan, of sin.
So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed. (John 8:36)Trough the blood of Yeshua, we have eternal life.
Whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be condemned; he has crossed over from death to life. (John 5:24)
For you know that it was not with perishable things such as silver or gold that you were redeemed from the empty way of life handed down to you from your forefathers, but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect. (I Peter 1:18-19)Yeshua was without fault: (Jesaja / Isaiah 53:9) or “God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.” (II Corinthians 5:21)
No bones of Yeshua were broken. (John 19:31-36)
Unleavened Bread (Hag HaMatzot), Yeshua was our sinless Messiah - 15th day of Nisan.**Principle Feast**
The feast of Unleavened Bread speaks of sanctification. Yeshua was set apart, his spirit the Angel of Great Counsel (LXX Isaiah 9:6). Unleavened Bread is a picture of sanctification, as Yeshua was buried; Leaven is representative of sin, of which Yeshua the Messiah had none. On the night before Passover eve, the house is searched for yeast (or leaven), and all which is found will be burnt. Starting the 15th day of Nissan, exclusively unleavened bread is eaten for 7 days.
Deuteronomy 16:8, Leviticus 23:6-8, Numbers 28:17 & 33:3, I Corinthians 5:6-8;
Each day Psalm 113 - 118 are recited during the Hallel (praise).
For seven days you are to eat bread made without yeast. On the first day remove the yeast from your houses. (Exodus 12:15)
Yeast, a symbol for sin (I Corinthians 5:8) is eliminated!
Yeshua’s body is buried (put into the ground): Unleavened bread (he was without sin).
I tell you the truth, unless a grain of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds. (John 12:24)
First Fruits (Early First Fruits: Yom HaBikkurim, Later First Fruits (Counting of the Omer): Lag B’Omer), Yeshua was the first to be raised from the dead - first Sunday after Nisan 15th and then on Iyar 18th - 19th.
The feast of First Fruits speaks of the Lord’s triumphant resurrection; death simply could not hold her foe. On the third day, Yeshua’s spirit rose victoriously from the grave. The feast of First Fruits, to be celebrated on the morning after the first Sabbath following the feasts of Unleavened Bread (Sunday) (Leviticus 23:10-11) is symbolic of Yeshua being the first of the First Fruits (I Corinthians 15:23). In biblical times and today again, on the first day after Passover - Holiday (Sabbath), the feast of First Fruits is celebrated.
Exodus 22:29, Leviticus 23:10-11, I Corinthians 15:20-23 and Luke 24:7.
When you enter the land I am going to give you and you reap its harvest, bring to the priest a sheaf of the first grain you harvest. He is to wave the sheaf before the LORD so it will be accepted on your behalf; the priest is to wave it on the day after the Sabbath. (Leviticus 23:10-11)
Yeshua’s Resurrection. He is the First Fruit.
But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead, the First Fruits of those who have fallen asleep. (I Corinthians 15:20)
NB The word “Easter” goes back to a Pagan Teutonic / Germanic / Anglo-Saxon godhead “Eostera”. Behind this is the Babylonian goddess “Ishtar”.
Pentecost (also known as the Feast of Weeks or Shavu’ot), The Holy Spirit descended - 6th day of Sivan.**Principle Feast**
The feast of Pentecost, also known as the feast of Weeks (Shavu’ot), speaks of origination. It symbolizes Yeshua giving us the gift of the Holy Spirit which inaugurated the New Covenant and Church Age. The coming of the Holy Spirit fell precisely on the next feast 50 days after First Fruits, on what we call Pentecost. The symbolism is again obvious as two loaves of bread are offered, which is a picture of the First and Second Testaments.
6. Sivan: Commemoration of the giving of the law; the Feast of summer harvest
Shavuot (Hebrew) means “weeks”: The Feast of Weeks or Pentecost goes back to the Greek penteconta “fifty”. The Jews start counting “Omer” on the 16. Nissan. They count the 50 days.
Leviticus 23:10-14, 15-16 & 17-22, Deuteronomy 16:9, 10-12 & 16, Exodus 19:1 - 20:23 & 34:33, Ezekiel 1:1-28 and 3:12, Acts 2:1-4 and I Corinthians 15:20-23
I looked, and I saw a windstorm coming out of the north-- an immense cloud with flashing lightning and surrounded by brilliant light. The centre of the fire looked like glowing metal. (Ezekiel 1:4)
From the day after the Sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count off seven full weeks. Count off fifty days up to the day after the seventh Sabbath, and then present an offering of new grain to the LORD. (Leviticus 23:15-16)
From wherever you live, bring two loaves made of two tenths of an ephah of fine flour, baked with yeast, as a wave offering of first fruits to the LORD. (Leviticus 23:17)
Celebrate the Feast of Harvest with the first fruits of the crops you sow in your field. (Exodus 23:16)
The law on stone tablets: The first time, Moses received the ten commandments on stone tablets and the whole law about 7 Weeks after the death of the Passover lambs in Egypt (Exodus 19).
3000 Men died: When Moses approached the camp and saw the calf and the dancing, his anger burned and he threw the tablets out of his hands, breaking them to pieces at the foot of the mountain. The Levites did as Moses commanded, and that day about three thousand of the people died. (Exodus 32:19/28)
The Children of Spiritual Israel have been born through the gift of the law.
The law of life in your heart: The disciples received the Holy Spirit (Acts 2)
3000 Men came to true life! With many other words he warned them; and he pleaded with them, “Save yourselves from this corrupt generation.” Those who accepted his message were baptised, and about three thousand were added to their number that day. (Acts 2:40-41)
Because through Christ Iesous the law of the Spirit of life set me free from the law of sin and death. (Romans 8:2)
The Church of Yeshua has been born through the gift of the Holy Spirit. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them. (Acts 2:2-4)
There is a break until Autumn (September or October) before the next three feasts.
A long time with no feast: The whole of Summertime!
A long time of Church history: ~30 AD - ~1948/1954/1980/2005/2006/2007!?
Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah), “The Blowing of the Shofar” will announce Yeshua’s return - 1st day of Tishrei.
The Feast of Trumpets depicts the Rapture of the Church and the judgment of the wicked. It is widely held that the “Rapture” is to take place on the Feast of Trumpets when God calls His people together. Again the symbolism is beyond coincidence as this is to be a day of re-gathering and rejoicing.
Since the second century BC ( other sources mention the eleventh century AD), this day is celebrated as the Jewish new year: Rosh Hashanah. Earlier (biblically) the new year started the first day of Nissan!
Genesis 21, Leviticus 23:24-25, Numbers 29:1-6 & I Samuel 1:1 - 2:10.
On the first day of the seventh month hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work. It is a day for you to sound the trumpets. (Numbers 29,1)
To sound the trumpets is a remembrance of the grace of God towards Abraham, when he supplied a ram as sacrifice at the place of Isaac.
In Israel’s religious ritual, she utilised two different kinds of trumpets. One was long and flared and made of silver (Numbers 10,2). The other was a ram’s horn and is called in Hebrew the shofar.
The trumpets will announce the second coming of Yeshua:
For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever. (I Thessalonians 4:16-17, see also I Corinthians 15:51-52)
For I will take you out of the nations; I will gather you from all the countries and bring you back into your own land. (Ezekiel 36:24)
Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), Judgment Day - 10th day of Tishrei.
The Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) points to a great host of people, Jews and Gentiles, who will be saved when the Angel of Great Counsel, Immanuel, returns to earth. Four main elements comprise this significant feast:-
A Holy Convocation
The purpose of the “holy convocation” was to draw the focus of the people to the altar of divine mercy. The Lord called the people of Israel to gather in His presence and give their undivided attention to Him.
Prayer and Fasting
The people of Israel were to humble (afflict) their souls (Leviticus 23:27). This was explained by later tradition to indicate fasting and repentance. Israel understood that this was a day for mourning over their sins. The seriousness of this requirement is repeated in Leviticus 23:29: “If there is any person who will not humble himself on this same day, he shall be cut off from his people” (Leviticus 23:29).
Offerings are central to the Day of Atonement; in fact, the Bible devotes an entire chapter (Leviticus 16) to them (also see Numbers 29:7-11). In addition to these, when the Day of Atonement fell on the Sabbath, the regular Sabbath offerings were offered.
Prohibition from Labour
The Day of Atonement was a “Sabbath of rest” (Leviticus 23:32), and the Israelites were forbidden to do any work period. If they disobeyed, they were liable to capital punishment! (Leviticus 23:30)
Leviticus 16, 23:26, 27-36, Numbers 29:7-11, Isaiah 57:14 - 58:14, Hebrews 7 - 10 (esp. 9:7) and Acts 27:9.
The tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. Hold a sacred assembly and deny yourselves, and present an offering made to the LORD by fire. (Leviticus 23:27)
Only once a year on Yom Kippur, the High Priest (nobody else) may enter the Holy of Holies, and meet there the glory of the LORD (the Shekinah). (Hebrews 9:7)
The High Priest makes atonement for himself and for the people of Israel (Leviticus 16)
Aaron shall bring the goat whose lot falls to the LORD and sacrifice it for a sin offering. But the goat chosen by lot as the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the LORD to be used for making atonement by sending it into the desert as a scapegoat. (Leviticus 16:9-10)
The bible uses the number 10, as well as the number 40 for a time of trial.
Trough Yeshua’s death at the cross, the way to the Father is free for everybody at anytime:
With a loud cry, Iesous breathed his last. The curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. (Mark 15:37-38)
When Yeshua will arrive on planet earth for the second time, he will come out of the Holy of Holies (heaven).
When he returns, beside other functions, he will come as the High Priest to his chosen people Israel (Zechariah 12:10)
After a Jewish tradition, the scapegoat did return from the desert at Yom Kippur, which followed Yeshua’s crucifixion.
At his Passion and Crucifixion, Yeshua became our Spiritual scapegoat!
The Feast of the Tabernacles (Sukkot), The Kingdom Banquet - 15th day of Tishrei.**Principle Feast**
Harvest festival: The harvest is brought in! - The feast of joy!
Tabernacles speaks of the day when the Son of God will tabernacle (dwell) among men, wipe away every tear, and bring in the “golden age” which men have dreamed of since time immemorial.
On each day, Psalm 113 - 118 are being recited during the Hallel (Praise); Exodus 12:31-51, Deuteronomy 14:22-26, 33:1 - 34:12, Leviticus 23:33-38, 39-43, Numbers 29:12-16, II Chronicles 8:13, Ezra 3:4, Zechariah 14:16-19, Nehemiah 8.13-18, John 7.2, 7:10-26 and Acts 18:21.
Readings on the first day:-
Exodus 12:31-51, Numbers 29:12-16, Zechariah 14, Nehemiah 8.13-18, John 7.2.
Zechariah writes about the last battle for Jerusalem, and that afterwards al nations will come to Jerusalem to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles.
The Jews live in a Sukkah (or tabernacle) to commemorate the time when Israel lived in tents during their 40 years in the desert. In these days, also God lived in a tent right between the people: the Tabernacle.
After a Jewish tradition, the Messiah will come on Succoth (others say on Passover).
The eighth day: Final feast - Simchat Torah (the Rejoicing of the Law) / the weekly Torah readings are finished and start again with Genesis 1:1.
In the times of the temple, a priest went to the pool of Siloam to fill a golden pitcher with water. He then came back to the temple accompanied by a joyous procession of trumpet sounds and worshipers, and poured out the water near the altar. At the same time, he recited Isaiah 12:3 ff.: With joy you will draw water from the wells of salvation ....
Today, prayer for rain in the Mussaf - prayer corresponds to the biblical water libation.
Readings on the eighth day:-
Deuteronomy 33:1 - 34:12
Celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days after you have gathered the produce of your threshing floor and your winepress. (Deuteronomy 16:13)
Say to the Israelites: On the fifteenth day of the seventh month the LORD’s Feast of Tabernacles begins, and it lasts for seven days. (Leviticus 23:34)
The 7th feast in the 7th month takes 7 days.
Beginning with the fifteenth day of the seventh month, after you have gathered the crops of the land, celebrate the festival to the LORD for seven days; the first day is a day of rest, and the eighth day also is a day of rest. (Leviticus 23:39)
Yeshua returns : The harvest is brought in! - Great joy and thankfulness.
7 days takes a Jewish wedding feast: Wedding feast of the lamb?!On the last and greatest day of the Feast, Iesous stood and said in a loud voice, “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink. Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, streams of living water will flow from within him”. (John 7:37-38)
Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, as clear as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb down the middle of the great street of the city. On each side of the river stood the tree of life, bearing twelve crops of fruit, yielding its fruit every month. And the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations. (Revelation 22:1-2, see also Ezekiel 47:1-12)
The number eight symbolises a new beginning. The eighth day of the week is the day after Sabbath. Now the work starts anew. On this day of the week, Yeshua did rise from the dead. With him, God did create something new:
But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who have fallen asleep. (1.Corinthians 15:20)
The number of the name Yeshua (Greek ΙΗΣΟΥΣ) is 888.
After a (Jewish) tradition, the Messiah shall come for the seventh millennium (according Jewish calendar), and establish the “Sabbath”, the Kingdom of peace, which will last for thousand years. (Revelation 20). Afterwards, on the eighth day, there will follow something new:
Behold, I will create new heavens and a new earth. The former things will not be remembered, nor will they come to mind. (Isaiah 65:17, see also Revelation 21)
New Testament References: Some examples of observances of the Biblical Feasts by the early Church fathers, the Apostles and by Yeshua himself:
• “And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast.” (The Savior’s parents were in the act of keeping Passover and Unleavened Bread in Luke 2:42.)
• “After this there was a feast of the Jews; and Yahshua went up to Jerusalem.” (Yahshua went to Jerusalem probably to keep Passover and Days of Unleavened Bread, John 5:1.)
• “You know that after two days is [the feast of] the Passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be impaled.” (Yahshua was to become the Passover sacrifice in Matt. 26:2.)
• “Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Yahshua, saying unto him, where will you that we prepare for you to eat the passover?” (Yahshua always was planing to keep the Passover, Matt. 26:17.)
• “Now the Jews’ feast of tabernacles was at hand. But when his brethren were gone up, then went he also up unto the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret. Now about the midst of the feast Yahshua went up into the temple, and taught.” (Here’s proof that Yahshua kept this fall Feast, John 7:2, 10, 14.)
• “And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship at the feast.” (Non-Jews observed Passover in John 12:20.)
• “But bade them farewell, saying, I must by all means keep this feast that comes in Jerusalem: but I will return again unto you, if Yahweh will. And he sailed from Ephesus.” (Paul in Acts 18:21 was speaking after the Savior’s resurrection about his intentions to observe the Feast.)
• “Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.” (Paul is telling us to observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread with a new emphasis in 1 Cor. 5:8.)
• “But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.” (Our Savior’s statement promises that He would observe Passover in the Kingdom with the faithful, Matt. 26:29.)
NB The Feast days are not Jewish in an ethnic sense or Christian in a religious sense but they are divine in a Biblical sense and therefore eternal and universal.
The Seven Holy Sacraments and Sacramentals
Arian Catholic Sacraments:-
||Luke 2:22, Luke 18:16-17, Matthew 19:13-15 and Mark 10:13-16|
||Luke 3:23, Matthew 3:11 and Matthew 28:18-20 (esp 28:19), Acts 8:16|
||Matthew 16:19, 18:18, and in John 20:21-23|
||Genesis 14:18-20, Matthew 26:26-29, Mark 14:22-25, Luke 22:14-20, John 6:55-56, 1 Corinthians 11:23-26|
Arian Catholic Sacramentals:-
||1 Corinthians 7:9, Matthew 19:4-6, see also Mark 10:6-9, Luke 18:15-17, Ephesians 5:22-33|
||Luke 1:9, John 20:19-23, Acts 2:1-13, 8:17, 1 Corinthians 7:17-24, 12:4-9, 1 Timothy 3:1-13, Titus 1:5-9, 1 Peter 2:4-10, 2 Peter 3:15b-18, Galatians 2:9 etc|
||Isaiah 26:19, Mark 6:7-13, Luke 9:1-6, 23:44-46, Ephesians 5:14-15, James 5:14-16|
Additional Minor Sacramental Services:-
||None! However see 1 Chronicles 17:14|
||1 Peter 2:9|
||Mark 14:8, John 12:7|
It is our intension to provide services on a regular basis. Although the word “Church” only appears twice in the bible and Yeshua Christ chose to teach the Gospel directly to the people, he did pray at the Temple. The Arian Catholic Church and Theological Society have churches, assemblies (ecclesiae) and home church groups around the world with more Churches joining the Full Communion of the Arian Catholic Church; we hope to set up our first church building in Britain as soon as possible with more churches to follow. Please help us to raise funds for this project in any way you can (Please join our fund raising campaign...). The Archdiocesan Headquarters of the Church and Society is based in the East Riding of Yorkshire, in Britain, the Arian Catholic clergy will do their best to reach you and conduct services either at parishioners’ homes, local church (with permission) or another pre-arranged location; this website was launched to help bring the true Gospel to people around the world. As our membership and clergy grow in number we will be able to reach more and more people around the world. We conduct services on a monthly basis at pre-arranged locations such as homes, churches, conference centres or sites of historical interest, which give our members the opportunity to meet other Arian Catholic Christians; with special services held during biblical feasts, every Sabbath and High Sabbath and on an individual basis.
Sacraments are outward signs of inward grace, instituted by Christ for our sanctification. Whilst God was in no way bound to make use of external ceremonies as symbols of things spiritual and sacred, it has pleased Him to do so, and this is the ordinary and most suitable manner of dealing with people. The word Sacrament itself comes from the Old Latin “Sacramentum,” which can mean either the initiation ceremony for a Roman soldier/recruit (compare with Baptism) or a sum of money left on deposit for those involved in a legal suit. Here we use the term Sacrament due to its antiquity as it is a term people are most familiar with; in the early church a sacrament was regarded as a sign of something “Sacred,” and right up to the 12th century different Bishoprics had between six and thirty sacraments. We are looking at what Christ and the Apostles taught us and what They showed us by example.
The Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church recognises the following seven sacraments comprising three obligatory Sacraments and four Sacramentals, there are also additional services, offering services for these by appointment:
The first four of these are the obligatory Holy Sacraments (These are the principle Sacraments that Christ himself taught and showed us by example):
Presentation of a Baby or Child: Yeshua was presented to the Temple as an infant and circumcised (Luke 2:22). All young Christians should be introduced to the Church, as was Yeshua, to receive the Kingdom of God as Yeshua taught. “But Iesous called them to Him and said, ‘Let the little children come to Me, and do not forbid them; for of such is the Kingdom of God. Assuredly, I say to you, whoever does not receive the Kingdom of God as a little child will by no means enter it.’” (Luke 18:16-17). See also Matthew 19:13-15 and Mark 10:13-16. As Christ was presented at the temple (and that God allowed this to happen!) and that little children should receive the Kingdom of God at the temple, the presentation of a baby or child is recognised as a Sacrament, and we therefore recognise this as the first sacrament. As we are only permitted one Baptism for the forgiveness of sins we follow Yeshua’s example to present Babies and Children to the Church giving them the opportunity to be Baptised when they come of age. The feast of the presentation of Christ is celebrated on Candlemass (2nd February).
Baptism: Baptism requires both the acceptance of God and repentance from Sin, this is not something that can be done by babies and young children. Baptism can be performed at any age as long as the candidate is mature enough to decide for him or herself if they are willing to accept God, repent from Sin and follow Yeshua’s Church. Although some people choose to baptise their children in infancy, many prefer to let their children decide whether they want to be baptised and at which church. Yeshua himself was presented to the Temple and Circumcised in his infancy. The Arian Catholic Church advises a service for the Presentation of a baby or child (see above) and for Baptism to be conducted once a person has come of age and thus better able to understand the meaning of Baptism and is ready for their rebirth into the Church. NB We are permitted only one baptism for the forgiveness of sins and for this reason some believe it is better to keep baptism until a person is ready to take the faith of his or her own volition, Yeshua Christ was not baptised until after he returned to Israel (Galilee) as an adult, he was Baptised by his cousin John the Baptist when he was “about 30” years old (Luke 3:23).
Yeshua is the baptizer (Matthew 3:11 (NKJV)):-
I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.
He baptizes with fire not water, through his Apostles and their Apostles and so on, as he commanded (Matthew 28:18-20 (NKJV) the Great Commission):-
18 And Iesous came and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to me in heaven and on earth. 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit*, 20 teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” Amen.
We were commissioned by Christ to Baptize in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, although the Apostles Baptised in the name of Christ (Acts 8:16) and the Baptism of disciples is one of the principle requirements of the Great Commission of Matthew 28:19 (*Eusebius believed that this verse had been altered from its original form: “in the name of Christ”). Baptism is a rebirth into the Church and provides for the forgiveness of sins; however Baptism is an obligatory Sacred rite of the Church, expressly commanded by Christ and is therefore a Sacrament. The feast of the baptism of Christ is celebrated on the first Sabbath after Epiphany (6th January).
Conversion (Confession, Penance and Reconciliation): Confession and Penance are part of the Sacrament of Reconciliation, as it was in the early Church, although it was referred to as Conversion because the sacrament is parallel to Baptism. This sacrament is actually a celebration of the forgiveness of our sins. Yeshua principally instituted the Sacrament of Reconciliation, when, being raised from the dead, He breathed upon His disciples saying, “Receive ye the Holy Ghost. Whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them, and whose sins you shall retain, they are retained.” By which action, and words so clear, signal the consent of all the Fathers that the power of forgiving and retaining sins was communicated to the Apostles, and to their lawful successors for the reconciling of the faithful who have fallen after baptism. Nor is there lacking in divine revelation proof of such power; the classical texts are those found in Matthew 16:19, 18:18, and in John 20:21-23. To Peter are given the keys of the kingdom of heaven, the keys symbolise the teaching authority. Sin is the great obstacle to entrance into the kingdom. To Peter and to ALL the Apostles is given the power to bind and to loose, and this again implies supreme power both legislative and judicial: power to forgive sins, power to free from sin’s penalties. Therefore Priests of the true Holy Catholic Church have the power to forgive and retain sins. Sins should be confessed privately to God (Matthew 6:5-6) but when in the presence of a Priest absolution in the name of Christ may be given. The sacrament of Penance can be performed by appointment or at pre-arranged meetings. In addition to the holy sacrament of penance a Counselling service is also available (see below).
Holy Eucharist: this service cleanses our souls of sin through the Body and Blood of Christ represented symbolically using Bread (or Rice Paper) and Wine (Red Wine and Water). We were taught to eat Christ’s body and drink His blood, represented by bread and wine, in remembrance of Him (“He that eateth my flesh and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life ... For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed” (John 6:55-56)).
The Eucharist was prefigured by Melchizedek, a priest-king in the Old Testament (see Genesis 14:18-20), who encountered Abraham returning from battle with the Mesopotamian kings, gave Abraham bread and wine, and in return received a tithe of Abraham’s booty. In Psalms 110 he is referred to as a prototype of the Messiah. The Second Testament’s Epistle to the Hebrews (see Hebrews 7:1-10) cites the two Old Testament references to demonstrate that Melchizedek foreshadowed Christ.
By Christ’s express teaching and example we bless the bread and wine in this obligatory sacred rite, this is a Sacrament and should be practiced at least once each year by all Christians. This service is provided in the form of Holy Communion and can also be served on a one to one basis by appointment.
The next three of these are the Holy Sacramentals (these are the Optional Sacraments known as the Sacramentals, which Christ and His Apostles taught us by example, they are not obligatory but nonetheless necessary in certain circumstances):
Marriage (Holy Matrimony): God ordained marriage as the strongest bond in all human relationships, this is described in detail in Genesis, but Yeshua also reminded us of this:
“...but if they cannot exercise self-control, let them marry. For it is better to marry than to burn with passion.” (1 Corinthians 7:9)
“And He answered and said to them, ‘Have you not read that He who made them at the beginning made them male and female, and said, For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh? So then, they are no longer two but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let not man separate.’” (Matthew 19:4-6, see also Mark 10:6-9, Luke 18:15-17 and the Sanctity of Marriage is re-iterated by St Paul in: Ephesians 5:22-33).
The ritual of marriage in the eyes of God is sacred and is recognised as a Sacramental rite for those men and women who choose to be joined in Holy Matrimony. The sacrament of marriage can be performed at locations that have been registered and providing that the couple can produce a Notice of Intent to Marry issued by their local Registry Office and proof of identity is provided. Banns of Marriage must also be posted on our Website and read at Sabbath Services for three consecutive Sabbaths. The Arian Catholic Church also advises couples intending to marry to seriously consider making their marriage vows a legally binding contract.
For many reasons people may find that they wish to renew their marriage vows or they may have been married at a state ceremony or at a different Church and wish to affirm their marriage vows before God in a blessing ceremony conducted by a Bishop or Presbyter whom has been Apostolically Ordained. We therefore offer services for Affirmation of Marriage Blessings
and Renewal of Marriage Vows. (see below).
Ordination: Both the old and New testaments speak of Ordination, the Gift of the Holy Spirit, Deacons, Priests (Presbyters) and Bishops (Episcopates) (1 Corinthians 7:17-24, 12:4-9, Luke 1:9, 1 Peter 2:4-10, 1 Timothy 3:1-13, Titus 1:5-7 etc).
The word Bishop is a Greek word referring to a person who oversees a congregation. In many New Testament passages, the Greek words for Bishop (Overseer) and Presbyter (Elder) are used interchangeably for the same office. In Acts 8:17 (NRSV): “17 Then Peter and John laid their hands on them, and they received the Holy Spirit.”; here Peter and John travelled from Jerusalem to Samaria and gave the gift of the Holy Spirit to some of the Samaritans. This was ordination. Further examples can be found in the Gospels and Epistles recited during the services of ordering ...
1 Timothy 3:8-13,
1 Timothy 3:1-7, 8-13
Acts 20:17-31, 32-35,
John 20:19-23, and
Rabbis and Apostles:-
Galatians 2:9 - Sts James, Peter and John the Pillars of the Church and offer Paul and Barnabas the hand of fellowship.
Yeshua the Messiah was referred to as a Rabbi by his Apostles, this reflects the Rabbis of the Hebrew Bible who would gather together 12 disciples as the high priest was served by twelve priests in his Temple ministry, in memory of the twelve sons of Jacob, fathers of the twelve tribes of Israel. John the Baptist, following the customs of the Rabbis, gathered disciples around him, many of whom followed Christ after John had identified him as the true Messiah. As a rightful priest of the Davidic line, Yeshua followed this custom when he traveled all over Judea with his twelve apostles, destining the twelve to be the twelve teachers, and judges, of the nations. When Yeshua sent his followers out from Jerusalem into the heathen nations, they were correctly called Apostles, as they were specifically designated by him, true Rabbi, and this was an accustomed practice at the time of his coming.
Archbishops (Senior Overseers) are the Pillars of the Church whom are
afforded additional responsibilities:-
Galatians 2:9 - Sts James, Peter and John the Pillars of the Church and offer Paul and Barnabas the hand of fellowship.
Christ was a teacher, but then Peter was given the teaching office of the Church and all the Apostles also became teachers; they were given the gift of the Holy Spirit and were commanded to pass on all that Christ had taught them. Though Yeshua did not describe the Apostles specifically as “Priests” and “Bishops”, he did not call them “Apostles” either. This is a term used by the Apostles after Christ’s death and from the Greek means “to send out”. All clergy are teachers and another word for a Bishop is an “Apostolate.” Reading through the New Testament you will see that these offices are in fact described and the Apostles themselves eventually use the terminologies that we are more familiar with today with the exception of: “Cardinal,” “Monsignor” and “Pope” which are Roman inventions and have no biblical basis. Therefore Ordination is recognised by the Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church as a Sacramental rite and clergy are ordained and consecrated as Deacons / Deaconesses (=Servants), Priests / Presbyters (=Elders) and Bishops / Episcopates (=Overseers). Not least to run a Church there has to be some semblance of order although the Apostles were regarded as equals, James the Just, Peter and John were regarded as the Pillars of the Church in Galatians 2:9 and Andrew is believed to have been the father of the Patriarchate of Constantinople, James the Just the father of the Messianic Jewish and Nasorean lines, St John the Baptist the father of later branches claiming divine visitation and St Peter the father of the Roman line. However there is no evidence that St Peter ever visited Rome and it is more likely that St Paul was the father of the Roman church not least because his teachings became so prevalent.
This sacrament is Apostolic as it requires the laying on of hands by, when ordaining a Bishop: either three Bishops or a Bishop, Priest and a Deacon; and when ordaining a Presbyter or a Deacon: by at least a Bishop, in order to pass on the gift of the Holy Spirit, which has been passed on from clergy to clergy since Christ’s Apostles. There was no minimum age for ordination in the early Church other than the candidate had “come of age” and was suitably trained, and Deacons were usually the “Young Apprentices” of the Church, however today we would not consider a candidate as being ready for either Ordination to the Diaconate or Noviciate Consecration until the age of 17 1/2 years at the earliest. Generally Presbyters would not be considered ready for Ordination until 21 years of age and Bishops 30 years, although this is not a hard and fast rule.
The Arian Catholic Church Ordains women as Deaconesses in accordance with the early church and welcomes clergy who are married or single. People who have already been ordained by another church tradition will generally need to have their Ordination Regularised although the Arian Catholic church will usually recognise Ordinations from the Anglican, Anglican Catholic, Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches in principle to the Diaconate, also those whose Apostolic Ordination may be in question or who have been Consecrated Noviciate (Pro Ordination) will be required to be “Ordained Sub Conditione” to confirm their Apostolic Ordination upon being received into the Arian Catholic Church. The Apostolic claims of the Arian Catholic Church is unique as it combines the Apostolic descents of all the major traditions thus representing the Pillars of the Church. Depending on individual circumstances, background and experience candidates may be required to complete a suitable bridging course. The Arian Catholic Church also offers a Service of Consecration for Church workers, and a service of Oblation for Oblates, Nuns and Monks (see below).
NB: “Confirmation” (Chrismation). Although Confirmation is seen as a Sacrament by some churches, it is not specifically referred to or required in the scriptures nor was it even known to the early Church. Confirmation is not recognised as a sacrament by the Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church. It is derived from the Sacrament of Ordination, it is usually performed from the age of thirteen (and up to any age) and traditionally confirms that the person is a follower of the faith and has a basic understanding of Christianity, the Liturgy and the Sacraments
. Confirmation traditionally involves the reciting of the Creed by the candidate and the laying on of hands of a Bishop during the ceremony, this passes on the gift of the Holy Spirit as in Baptism and Ordination; in Arian Catholicism it is similar to the rite used as a ceremony of “Consecration Noviciate” for the Laity and for the Novitiate beginning their training to be Oblates or Clergy where formal Ordination (or Ordination Sub Conditione) as a Deacon can be completed later. However Confirmation (Chrismation) is used by mainstream churches as a ceremony to accept young people into the church that were usually baptised in their infancy, before they can be given the Eucharist. This is the wrong way to do things as in the Baptism ceremony the candidate is asked if they are willing to accept God and the Christian way of life, which an infant cannot do, therefore Confirmation is not necessary when an adult receives Baptism as all the Baptised are entitled to receive the Eucharist. Therefore Confirmation is equivalent to Conversion in the Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church (which is parallel to Baptism) and serves a similar traditional purpose and can be performed by a Priest or Deacon. Confirmation is not recognised as a sacrament or sacramental.
Anointing of the Sick (including Extreme Unction (Last Rites) and Exorcism): This sacramental in the early Church included the anointing and healing of the sick (James 5:14-16) and the casting out of demons (see Exorcism) as well as providing last rites to the dying. In Mark 6:7-13 (see also Matthew 10:1-42 and Luke 9:1-6) Yeshua sent out his Apostles to preach, cast out demons and anoint and heal the sick. Ephesians 5:14-15 bears significance to Isaiah 26:19; Christ commended his soul to God on the cross just before He took His dying breath, this is an example to us and reinforces the prophesy of Isaiah. “Now it was about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour. Then the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was torn in two. And when Iesous had cried out with a loud voice, He said, ‘Father, into Your hands I commit My spirit.’ Having said this, He breathed His last.” (Luke 23:44-46) By His example and his teaching, whenever it is possible to do so, Arian Catholic Clergy will perform this Sacramental rite to cast out (exorcise) demons, anoint the sick and commend the souls of the dying to God. The last rites are said for the terminally ill or who are near death; this also includes the anointing of the sick.
Additional services and Special Sacramentals are also available for specific circumstances, these include:
Exorcism* / Prayers for Spirits who may have lost their way (Pending research and
express permission from a Bishop) . In circumstances involving a living
person this is
incorporated into the Sacramental of Extreme Unction and Anointing of the Sick.
term “Exorcism” does NOT always denote a solemn exorcism involving a person
possessed by the devil. In general, the term denotes prayers to “curb the
power of the devil or evil spirits and prevent him or them from doing harm.” The Arian Catholic Church
has strict rules regarding Exorcism as this can be physically, spiritually and
or psychologically dangerous if attempted by an unqualified person. There are
numerous examples in the New Testament of Christ and the Apostles Exorcising
demons, and there is a strong argument for Exorcism being a Sacramental service,
however it is considered to be a rite that is called upon in the occasion of
demonic possession or where Satanic influence is suspected and is not a regular
Sacramental service but is nonetheless still considered special (See Acts 19:11-17, Mark 16:9, Luke 8:2, Matthew
8:28-34, Matthew 12:22,
Mark 1:21 - 28).
. In circumstances involving a living person this is incorporated into the Sacramental of Extreme Unction and Anointing of the Sick. NB The term “Exorcism” does NOT always denote a solemn exorcism involving a person possessed by the devil. In general, the term denotes prayers to “curb the power of the devil or evil spirits and prevent him or them from doing harm.” The Arian Catholic Church has strict rules regarding Exorcism as this can be physically, spiritually and or psychologically dangerous if attempted by an unqualified person. There are numerous examples in the New Testament of Christ and the Apostles Exorcising demons, and there is a strong argument for Exorcism being a Sacramental service, however it is considered to be a rite that is called upon in the occasion of demonic possession or where Satanic influence is suspected and is not a regular Sacramental service but is nonetheless still considered special (See Acts 19:11-17, Mark 16:9, Luke 8:2, Matthew 8:28-34, Matthew 12:22, Mark 1:21 - 28).
of the Holy Water (including the exorcism
of the salt and the water): The use of water
amongst God’s people is ancient and approved by God. Note that water is a
created substance, created by God and was part of the creation which was
announced as being “good”. From the very
instant of creation the bible tells us that God deemed fit, through the Holy
Spirit, to use and bless water for use to bring life and new life, for example,
in the creation story we read that: “The Holy Spirit
hovered over the waters and brought forth life from the seas.” The
Bible also says even “bird life” was brought
forth from the waters as well as fish and all that swims in the sea.
Genesis 1:20 “And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.” So from the very beginning, through the Holy Spirit, God chose water as the means to bring forth life on the earth. Water was commonly used in the rites of the Jewish people for washings and cleansings, these were rituals that were required to prepare to meet with God. There are many references to water and washing, and whilst they refer to bodily cleansing, there are also many hints to an inner cleansing, especially through baptism which was foreshadowed in these washings.
Living water: The Bible often makes reference to living water (which is water infused with the Holy Spirit) for example: Jeremiah 2:12-14 12“Be astonished, O heavens, at this, And be horribly afraid; Be very desolate,” says the LORD. 13“For My people have committed two evils: They have forsaken Me, the fountain of living waters, And hewn themselves cisterns - broken cisterns that can hold no water.” Here God refers to the rebellion of His people by rejecting His way and attempting to replace them with their own “waters” which are termed as not living and broken cisterns.
An Early Church document called the Didaché (teaching) has a small paragraph on baptism and states specifically that the baptised should be brought to “living water” and there baptised. People often confuse this as “moving” water like a river yet we all know baptisms are valid in tanks of water! So why the reference to living if not moving water? and how can water simply acting with the law of gravity moving from one elevated position to a lower one deem it living anyway? No, the reference in the Didaché clearly refers to the Biblical reference of living waters which is infused with the Holy Spirit for new life. Yeshua referred to this water when he said in John 4:10: Iesous answered and said to her, “If you knew the gift of God, and who it is who says to you, ‘Give Me a drink,’ you would have asked Him, and He would have given you living water.”
In the beginning and announcement of the Christian era what do we find? Water again being used to announce the Messiah...
John the Baptist baptised in the river Jordan. Yeshua came to him to be baptised. John knowing who Yeshua was said...You should baptise me! The Jews even knowing that baptism was to be a sign of the Prophet, Messiah or the One to come, challenged John the Baptist saying...“Why do you baptise, are you the One who was to come?” So even amongst Israel the prophecies were known that the one who comes baptising was the Messiah, but they confused the announcer/forerunner with the Messiah. When the apostles came into every land they baptised people into “living water”, water which had been blessed with the Holy Spirit for purification of sins and regeneration of new life.
We continue this to today. Water
is and can be made holy because God, through the Holy Spirit, sanctified it.
Yeshua Christ, blessed it and was baptised into it, and the Father demanded
sanctification of His people throughout time to approach His holiness.
Refer also to Ezekiel’s “rivers of water” that came over him in a prophecy of baptism, of Noah’s flood and how St Peter said that eight souls were baptised “into Moses” and were saved by water, and of the eternal new heaven and earth where “living rivers” come from the east out of the temple and water the whole people of God forever.
There are many more references to the significance of Holy Water throughout scripture: Exodus 14:15-22, Exodus 17:6-7, Exodus 29:4-5, Exodus 30:18-20, Joshua 3:14-17, Ruth 3:2-4, 2 Kings 5:9-11, Psalm 26:5-7, Psalm 51:1-3, Jeremiah 2:12-14, Ezekiel 47:1-12, Matthew 3:13-17, John 5:1-9, John 19:34, John 3:5, John 4:10.
There is one particular verse which specifically uses the words “Holy Water.” Numbers 5:17-18, it is relevant because this verse specifically shows that water was blessed for ritual use:
“17 the priest shall take holy water in an earthen vessel, and take some of the dust that is on the floor of the tabernacle and put it into the water. 18 The priest shall set the woman before the Lord, dishevel the woman’s hair, and place in her hands the grain offering of remembrance, which is the grain offering of jealousy. In his own hand the priest shall have the water of bitterness that brings the curse.”
The bitter water that brings a curse was a test. The addition of dust from the floor of the tabernacle to a vessel of holy water and the scrapings from the bill of indictment were signs of a spiritual reality. Holy water and dust from the holy place symbolized that God was the One who determined the innocence or guilt of the woman who had come before the priest.
Protestant evangelists attempt to point out that the practice of using Holy Water is a modern idea without any biblical basis, but this is wrong. Modern use of Holy Water includes permanently placing it at the entrance of Roman Catholic churches, blessed at the first of each lunar month, and sprinkled over patrons as they enter. This practice was created to supplant the pagan celebration of the New Moon, according to canon 65 of the Council of Constantinople in 691 AD. Further modern uses of Holy Water became popular in the Roman Catholic church from the ninth century, however Holy Water was used ritually in the early Church. Holy water is Living water, water the Holy Spirit has infused, blessed and is given for our healing, sanctification, forgiveness of sins and regeneration into new life, which is why the Christian Church has always used and retained Holy Water. [Brother Anselm Cramer, acOSB, OSB.]
Affirmation of Marriage Blessings / Renewal of Marriage Vows
Consecration of Laity
Oblation of Oblates & Lay Oblates and consecration of Monks & Nuns / Annual renewal of Monastic Vows
Ceremonies for Buildings & Dedication of Parsonage or Christian Home
Anointing for Healing / Prayers for the Sick
Funerals (we offer a funeral service which may also involve the consecration of the ground chosen for burial and counselling those in mourning in addition to committing the body to the ground and commending the soul into heaven).
Please remember that our Church is in its fledgling stage though steadily gathering pace, owing to the distances and timings involved, please note that there may need to be a fee for personal services and for specific sacraments to cover travel and accommodation expenses, materials and registration fees; however our clergy will always do their very best to meet the spiritual needs of Parishioners first and foremost. A donation towards our Church fund would be greatly appreciated and if costs are expected to be substantial then a deposit will be required. Services such as Marriages require much preparation, which also involve costs. Therefore from experience we must require a commitment to the marriage and a full payment of fees no later than three weeks prior to the planned wedding ceremony (i.e. before the Banns of Marriage are announced).
For the articles concerning the development of the Universal Bible and the Arian Catholic Missal, both sponsored by the Arian Catholic Church, please refer to the following links...
Hymns and Prayers
Many Christian prayers and hymns are suitable for use by the Arian Catholic faith, however Arian Catholics must always be mindful of the beliefs of the Arian Catholic faith and to avoid texts that have been added-to or re-written by pro-Nicaeans/Pro-trinitarians to include references to the unity of the Trinity, the divinity of Yeshua, the deification of the Saints or references to ideologies not compatible with the logic and reason adhered to by modern Arian Catholicism.
The Lord’s Prayer
[Gospels According to St. Matthew 6:9..13, and St. Luke 11:1..4;
Recognised by the Arian Catholic Church as one of the most important prayers used by the Early Church]
Who art in Heaven,
Hallowed be Thy Name.
Thy kingdom come,
Thy will be done,
On earth as it is in Heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread,
And forgive us our trespasses,
As we forgive those who trespass against us.
And lead us not into temptation,
But deliver us from evil.
With the love of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, I pray that you will never cease to be the love of my life. In you I posses the love of God himself and am made able to love God with a love that is worthy of Him.
It was you who, on the morning of that first Pentecost, changed timid disciples cowering behind locked doors into fearless apostles proclaiming the Good News that Yeshua is risen from the dead. You transform sinners into saints, lukewarm hearts into ardent lovers, foreigners into brothers and sisters. Pour out on us all the Spirit of kindness and prayer, and as you promised through the prophet Ezechiel: look for the lost one, bring back the stray, bandage the wounded and make the weak strong.
As you, Holy Spirit, overshadowed Mary so that Immanuel became incarnate in Yeshua, and as you watched over her as he grew, I rejoice with my fellow members of the Pious Union, and with all Christians, that your power has also enabled Yeshua to be conceived within our hearts. May you watch over and guide his growth to maturity within us.
Come, Holy Spirit, renew our lives in holiness so that we give witness to the true meaning of love.
The Rosary, the Hail Mary and the Prayer Rope
The use of idols as the focal point in worship and prayer is forbidden by the Church and crucifixes do fall into that category if they are used as idols, however the Church does not oppose crucifixes as symbols of learning and works of art. The tradition of prayer beads goes back thousands of years and are used in many religions including: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Christianity. Ancient prayer beads, including Hindu and Buddhist prayer beads would have 100, 108, 112 or 150 beads, there are now many modern variations. In Judaism the Tzitzit are used which use knots and twists in cords of blue thread instead of beads in accordance with Numbers 15:38, Deuteronomy 22:12 and oral tradition to represent the 613 Laws of the Torah.
In early Christianity a Prayer Rope was used which has 150 knots, one for each Psalm. This was used by the laity and lay monks to imitate the monastic Liturgy of the Hours, during the course of which the monks prayed the 150 Psalms daily. Monks were often expected to carry a prayer rope with them, to remind them to pray constantly in accordance with Paul of Tarsus’ injunction in I Thessalonians 5:17, “Pray without ceasing.” Those who could not read would substitute the Psalms for the Lord’s Prayer (Pater Noster). In the 4th century a prayer rope was used by the Desert Fathers to count repetitions of the “Jesus Prayer” (NB The Jesus prayer has no specific biblical origin). By the 7th century the “Hail Mary” from Luke 1:28 & 42 was being used. The prayer rope is still used by the Eastern Orthodox church today, usually by monastics.
The Roman catholic rosary: In Roman Catholicism prayer beads became known as the Rosary (meaning Rose Garden or Ring of Roses) and were arranged in the familiar format of 59 beads with a string of five sets of beads called decades, each composed of ten smaller beads separated by one large bead, joined together in a loop by a medal or pendant from which another string hangs with two large beads above and below three smaller beads, and a crucifix at the end hanging as a pendant. Interestingly the Rosary has no biblical basis. While there were several variations on the verses from Luke 1:28 & 42 occurring between the 7th and 15th centuries, it is claimed that the Rosary was introduced by St Dominic in the 13th Century, however there is no evidence to prove this. In fact the word “Rosary” first came in use during the 15th century which coincides with the introduction of the second verse of the “Hail Mary” by Alanus de Rupe; this modern form of the Hail Mary was formally accepted by the Roman catholic church at the apostate council of Trent which occurred between 1545 and 1563. The Roman Catholic church teaches Rosary prayers as beginning with the second century Apostle’s Creed at the crucifix followed by repetitions of the same two-verse Hail Mary prayer interspaced after each decade with the Gloria, Pater Noster and the “Oh my Jesus...” then concluding at the pendant with additional prayers of “Hail Holy Queen”, to God and to the Virgin Mary. Recently alternate repetitions have been suggested for the last decade of the Rosary.
Empty Phrases: Repeating the same prayer over and over achieves nothing and means nothing! Our heavenly Father is not interested in the recital of empty words, Yeshua the Messiah warned us of this...
7 “When you are praying, do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do; for they think that they will be heard because of their many words. 8 Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him.”
Reciting prayers can be a good way of meditating, although the purpose of the rosary, prayer beads or rope is to help us concentrate, not necessarily to count. Yeshua warned us against repetitively chanting empty words and therefore repeating the Hail Mary is not advocated by the Church!
It is important to note that Yeshua did criticise the repetition of empty prayers in Matthew 6:7, and therefore the Arian Catholic Church discourages the blind meaningless repetition of the same phrases, instead the best prayers come from the heart, for JaHWeH wrote the covenant into our hearts (Jeremiah 31:33 & Hebrews 10:16). The prayer beads or knots can be used to focus our thoughts on the Psalms and a variety of specific and different prayers and meditations.
Acceptable uses for Prayer Beads and Prayer Ropes in the Arian Catholic Church are:
Repetition of several different prayers in some pattern, sometimes interspersed with or accompanied by meditations.
Meditation on a series of spiritual themes.
Recital of the Psalms.
NB The modern Dominican version of the “Hail Mary” is a heresy as the second verse addresses Mary as the “Mother of God” and in its entirety it is a prayer addressed to Mary instead of God; also the prayer was apparently written by Alanus de Rupe in the C15th who claimed that it had been written by St Dominic in the C12/13th probably to give it credibility, but no such verses have ever been found in Dominic’s writings. However the first verse is based on the text of the Gospel of Luke 1:28 and is not objected to as the Church accepts the asking of God for the intercession of the Saints, as Moses and Elijah interceded at the Transfiguration (Matthew 17:1-13, Mark 9:2-13; Luke 9:28-36; 2 Pet 1:16-18).
The doctrine of intercession is mainly concerned with prayers to God on the behalf of others such as through Yeshua and the Saints (Job 5:1, John 11:25, Romans 8:34, 38-39, Hebrews 2:11, 7:25 and 10:10, 1 Timothy 2:1-5, James 5:16, Revelation 5:8 and 8:3-4).
The Rosary is only used by Arian Catholics as a focus for meditation and to assist with certain Litany prayers including the Psalms, the Christological Prayer, the first verse of the Hail Mary and recital of the Arian Catholic Creed. However the use of the vertical cross (+) did not enter the Church until the 5th century and the crucifix was a 7th century addition; in the early Church the vertical cross was viewed as a pagan symbol and symbolic of an instrument of torture. While the Church is not opposed to the use of crucifixes and crosses as symbolic works of art and symbols of teaching, the Arian Catholic Rosary used for prayer should NOT have a crucifix because of its idolatrous connotation. Use of the first verse of the Hail Mary, known as the Ave Maria, is approved however the second verse added by Alanus de Rupe has been a matter of some debate because it is heretical.
Ave Maria or Hail Mary - The first verse is a quote from the Gospel According to Luke 1:28 (the first three lines) recites the words of the Angel Gabriel when he announced to Mary that she was to conceive the Son of God. Luke 1:42 (the fourth line) recites the words of Angel Gabriel when he was announcing the news to Elizabeth, Mary’s cousin, and here he was referring to John the Baptist; the name “Jesus” (Iesous / Yeshua) was an addition. Therefore the first verse of the modern Hail Mary is actually deceptive.
Full of Grace,
The Lord is with thee.
Blessed art thou among women,
And blessed is the fruit of thy womb Iesous.
Note the last line
St Dominic’s alleged additional verse (This verse is controversial as it is heretical and will be omitted from all official services. This verse was written by Alanus de Rupe (1428 - 1475) who claimed it to have been written by St Dominic (1170 - 1221), there are no writings by St Dominic containing such a verse).
Mother of Yeshua*,
Pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death.
*NB in accordance with Arian Catholic Canon the heretical words “Mother of God” are substituted for “Mother of Iesous [Yeshua]”. Although this verse is asking for Mary’s intercession to pray to God for us, strictly speaking God must be the focal point of all prayers.
Christological Prayer (Philippians 2:6-9)
Who, though he was in the form of God... (see above)
A new rosary should be blessed by an Arian Catholic Priest and it it traditional to chose a particular saint’s day to do this..
Blessed Rosaries are available by mail order through the Arian Catholic Church Journal. They are hand made, have wooden or Mother of Pearl beads and come with a St Michael the Archangel Rosary pendant and a choice of blue, maroon or black velvet or black, maroon or tan leather pouches. You can also request that the Blessing of your new Rosary be performed on a particular (upcoming) Saint’s day, anniversary or birthday.
To obtain a copy of our Newsletters and Journals please download our Membership & Donations Form.
The Arian Catholic Doxology
Gloria in Excelsis Deo (Doxologia Major) [NB Verse 3 has been Arianised although this is still controversial and will be omitted from all official services ]
Glory to God in the highest,
and peace to his people on earth.
Lord God, heavenly King,
almighty God and Father,
we worship you, we give you thanks,
we praise you for your glory.
Lord Yeshua Christ, only Spiritual Son of the Father,
Lord Archangel, Lamb of God,
you take away the sin of the world:
have mercy on us;
you are seated at the right hand of the Father:
receive our prayer.
Gloria Patris (Doxologia Minor)**
Glory be to the Father,
with the Son,
through the Holy Spirit;
as it was in the beginning, is now and ever shall be,
World without end. Amen.
[**Romans 16:27; Jude 25; and as used prior to the fourth century.]
The Arian Catholic Creed
BELIEVE IN ONE GOD,
Creator of Heaven and earth,
And of all things visible and invisible.
And in his Spiritual Son, Yeshua Christ,
Whom was born of Mary and Joseph,
Was not consubstantial nor co-eternal with God the Father almighty,
Suffered under Pontius Pilate; was crucified, died, and was buried.
On the third day His Spirit was resurrected.
He ascended into Heaven,
And sitteth at the right hand of God, the Father almighty.
Whence he shall come again to judge the living and the dead,
Of whose Kingdom there shall be no end.
And I believe in the Holy Spirit,
The Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church,
The communion of saints,
The forgiveness of sins,
The resurrection of the Spirit,
And life everlasting.
Please note that the Arian Catholic Creed follows on from what the modern Arian Catholic church believes were the original beliefs of the early Christian church (see the Apostles’ Creed below) and thus filters out Trinitarian heresies since the 4th and 5th centuries and emphasises the logic and reason of our modern faith.
The Arian Catholic Creed is therefore a modification of the Apostles’ Creed in order to clarify the Church’s logical beliefs on the divinity of Christ, the Virgin Birth and the Resurrection.
Line six is an addition by Arius of Alexandria in order to clarify the point and provide a definite stance against trinitarianism.
There is also a strong consensus of opinion that the line “He descended into hell” (from the Apostles’ Creed) should be reinstated into the Arian Catholic Creed as the belief in Christ’s suffering and in his example to us forms an important part of Christian belief. This is a matter for discussion at the forthcoming Synod of the Church.
The Apostles’ Creed
There is also a strong consensus of belief within the Church asserting that the Apostles Creed is also a valid Creed as it is biblically based (though not explicitly written) and is none trinitarian, although it highlights some of the principle Supernatural beliefs of Christianity but contains an inaccuracy based on a misinterpretation in the Greek Septuagint resulting in a reference to the Virgin Mary, which was taken from a misunderstanding of the prophecies of Isaiah in the Gospels according to Matthew and Luke. The Creed was written by the Romans about half a century after the New Testament had been completed (circa late 2nd century).
To view the early Arian Creeds please click here for the Eleven Arian Confessions.
The Apostles’ Creed
I believe in God, the Father Almighty, the Creator of heaven and earth,
and in Yeshua Christ, His only Son, our Lord:
Who was conceived of the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary,
suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried.
He descended into hell; the third day He arose again from the dead.
He ascended into heaven and sitteth at the right hand of God the Father Almighty,
whence He shall come to judge the living and the dead.
believe in the Holy Spirit,
the holy Catholic Church, the communion of saints,
the forgiveness of sins,
the resurrection of the body,
and life everlasting.
The chosen Patron Saint and Guardian of the Arian Catholic Church, St Michael the Archangel, is a warrior against the Devil.
The Arian Catholic Church prays that God almighty grant that his Archangel, St Michael, will guide and protect the Arian Catholic Church, its Clergy and its followers in the pursuit of truth and in the struggle against evil; Amen.
Biblical references to St Michael the Archangel can be found in...
(OT) Daniel 10:12, 21; 12:1
(NT) Jude 1:9
(NT) Revelation 12:7
Almighty God we pray that our Patron St. Michael the Archangel will Defend
us in battle.
Be our protection against wickedness and the snares of the devil;
May God rebuke him, we humbly pray;
And do thou, O Prince of the heavenly host,
By thy power of God, thrust into hell Satan and all evil spirits
Who wander through the world
For the ruin of Souls.
The Feast of St Michael is known as Michaelmas, and is held on the 29th September.
The Divine Liturgy (Mass) is held on Sundays, Weekdays and Saturdays (The Sabbath) where and when possible. We also perform Private Divine Liturgy services for the sick, the infirm and by Prior Arrangement. The range of services listed above are available by prior arrangement.
We are currently looking at ways of representing elements of our main Divine Liturgy on-line so that people around the world can participate. - Watch this space!
For more information on available Divine Liturgy services or to arrange a Private Divine Liturgy service please Contact Us.
St Agatha - Arian Church in Rome
Historical Interest: Arian Church in Rome - St Agatha (3rd century Martyr) is the only surviving Arian church in Rome, although it was taken over by the Roman Catholic Church in 592/3 and re-consecrated by Antipope Gregory the Great it was restored in the 16th and 17th centuries and is now open to the public. http://roma.katolsk.no/agatagoti.htm.
Arian-Benedictine Monastic Order
The Poor Knights of Christ
As an Oblate (Friar/Monk or Nun) or Lay Oblate you will take monastic vows and follow the Arian-Benedictine way of life, follow the Benedictine Rule and apply it with logic and reason, keeping to a strict routine of daily prayer and worship. Your duties will include being part of a Monastic community of Oblates and Lay Oblates engaging in projects to assist and protect the Church and help those who are disadvantaged and need the support, guidance and comfort of the faithful.
The Arian-Benedictine Order requires commitment to God, the Monastic community and the Church, however we do not require Lay Oblates to leave their family, or give up their identity and all their worldly goods, unlike other monastic orders, and our brethren are free to live an ordinary life between their Holy Obligations. That said the life of an Arian-Benedictine Oblate is highly disciplined, busy and demanding; we are often described as being like Bees! And are not afraid to enter into the lion’s den to do God’s work.
The Arian-Benedictine Order takes its inspiration from Yeshua Christ, Saint Arius of Alexandria and St. Benedict of Narsia. Bringing together their teachings we have arrived at a code and a way of life that we believe Arius himself would have approved, moreover we pray for theirs and God’s guidance.
As the Arian Catholic Church is currently in its fledgling state we need volunteers as helpers and contributors to help the Church gather pace and resources. The more serious of whom can choose a path of Clergy, Oblate, Lay Oblate or Laity. For more information please download and complete our Membership PDF form and apply or enquire in writing to the Archpresbyter, contact details are given on the form.
Arian Catholic Theological Society - ACTS Forums.
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All enquiries to the Arian Catholic Theological Society, concerning the Arian Catholic Church and Church merchandise, in the first instance, should be directed to:
The Reverend Katie Althorpe
Deaconess in the Holy Arian Catholic and Apostolic Church
the Diocese of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Overseas /
The Dean of the Arian Catholic Theological Society (ACTS)
Rev. Brian P. R. Lane-Fox, BTheol, acOSB.
The Arian Catholic Primus Inter Pares, Archbishop of York,
Northern England and Scotland
The Most Reverend Dr B B Michael John Mackenzie-Hanson, BA (Hons), DD, acOSB,
Overseer and First Among Equals of the Arian Catholic (Holy Catholic and Apostolic) Church.
All non e-mail enquiries...
Telephone: +44(0)7050 392 073
Fax: +44(0)7970 974 229
For the Arian Catholic Theological Society
The Arian Catholic (Holy Catholic and Apostolic) Church, write to:-
The Archdiocesan Office
The Arian Catholic Church and Theological Society
Kintail House, 99 Boothferry Road
East Riding of Yorkshire
United Kingdom of Great Britain
Archbishop and senior pastor of the Community Church Of Saint John The Divine (Arian Catholic)
Most Revd Dr Mohammed Omar BA, BSH, DipTheol, MA, MEd, PhD, DD, MsD, OSA, acOSJ;
Arian Catholic Archbishop of London,
Bishop of Middlesex, and Archbishop for the Far East and Philippines, Bishop for Wales, Archbishop for Africa.
>>All forms and donations should be sent by Registered Post or Special Delivery.<<
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>>We receive a large number of enquiries and there may sometimes be a delay in responding to some enquiries.<<
>>However we will endeavour to answer every enquiry!<<
To join our congregation in the Arian Catholic Church you will need to register as a Parishioner of the Arian Catholic Church, please print and complete our New Parishioner’s PDF form and return it to the Archpresbyter.
If you wish to help the Arian Catholic Church to raise funds, spread its message, contribute to the Theological debate, join in the activities of members and receive newsletters then please join the Arian Catholic Theological Society. To join please download, print and complete our Society Membership PDF form and return it to the Archpresbyter. As a member of the Arian Catholic Theological Society you will receive our newsletter, where you will find news, articles, announcements, information on liturgical and society events and a list of books, rosaries, crucifixes, icons, cards, prayer cards and other items available. We need your donations and literary contributions to help build our church, please contribute whatever you can.
Clergy & Laity:
If you are already a Clerk in Holy Orders there may be a fast-track route available for you to convert to Arian Catholicism! Please contact us for more information and to discuss your conversion; you can download our New Parishioner’s PDF form (413 kb), which contains an additional section for Clergy and Laity, which is in Adobe Acrobat format (version 6 compatible); please also complete and send your Ecclesiastical Curriculum Vitae (template in MS Word format within a .ZIP compressed file - 339 kb). You will also need to download, complete and send us the formal Clergy, Oblate & Laity application form (download the Microsoft Word version within a compressed application form ApplicationACC_Clergy_Oblate_Laity_doc.zip - 485kb). Receipt of these forms will enable us to assess your spiritual and training needs and suitability to become Clergy, Oblate or Laity.
Members of Religious communities wishing to convert to the Arian-Benedictines can do so following the same route as for Clergy. Please see our section on the Arian-Benedictine Monastic Order.
The membership and CV forms are downloadable from the highlighted links. Either left-click on each link to open the document or right-click on each link selecting: “Save Target As...” in order to download the document to your desired location...
New Parishioner’s and ACTS Membership Form (PDF) |
Ecclesiastical Curriculum Vitae form (MS Word format compressed as a .zip file)
The Lord bless you and
The Lord make his face shine upon you and be gracious to you;
The Lord turn his face toward you and give you peace.
Download the Liturgical Calendar ... http://ipriest.org.uk/calendar/
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